How to Schedule your Laptop, Desktop Windows 10 PC for Shutdown automatically

Usually, all users shut down their computer manually, but you can also schedule your computer for shutdown automatically. Sometimes you leave your computer on and go out, or maybe you forget to turn off the system at your office or any other place. That time you’ll definitely want to use this feature. Thus if you want to do this on your Windows 10 PC, then use the below given simple methods.

Some easy methods to schedule your Windows 10 PC for shutdown automatically

1.    Scheduling Auto Shutdown from Run.

2.    Scheduling Auto Shutdown from Command prompt.

3.    Scheduling Auto Shutdown from Task Scheduler.

4.    Scheduling Auto Shutdown from Powershell.

Here are the stepwise instructions to schedule your Windows 10 PC for shutdown automatically:

Scheduling Auto Shutdown from Run

This is the easiest and shortcut method to scheduling time for Auto Shutdown your Windows 10 PC. With this method, you can directly set the time for automatically shutdown system when you want. You can directly open Run command and set a time. Here is how to do this,

1.    Enter ‘Run’ into the Start Menu search box.

2.    And select ‘Run’ program from the results to launch Run box.

Or

Directly use the shortcut ‘Windows + R’ button on your keyboard to launch Run box.

3.    Type ‘shutdown-s-t Number of seconds’ into the field front of text OPEN.

In place of Number of seconds input seconds in digit for automatic shutdown. Just like, “shutdown-s-t 1800” to shut down your computer in 30 minutes.

4.    After that click on the ‘OK’ button. You’ll also see a confirmation window on your screen.

Now, your computer will shut down automatically after the set time.

Scheduling Auto Shutdown from Command prompt

This is also slightly different from the above method. You can use this method if you’re facing any problem in scheduling from the Run dialog box.

1.    Enter ‘Command Prompt’ into the Start Menu search box.

2.    And right-click on ‘Command Prompt’ program from the results.

3.    And select ‘Run as Administrator’ to launch it.

4.    Click on ‘Yes’ on the prompted window to permit Command Prompt to make changes to your device.

5.    Type the same command ‘shutdown-s-t Number of seconds’.

In place of Number of seconds input seconds in digit for automatic shutdown. Just like, “shutdown-s-t 1800” to shut down your computer in 30 minutes.

6.    And hit ‘Enter’.

Scheduling Auto Shutdown from Task Scheduler

1.    Enter ‘task scheduler’ into the Start Menu search box.

2.    And select ‘task scheduler ‘ from the results to launch.

3.    Go to ‘Actions’ pane at the right side of the screen and click on ‘Create a Basic Task..’

4.    Type ‘Shutdown’ in the Name field. You can give any name you want.

5.    And click on ‘Next’.

6.    Select an option (Daily, Weekly, Monthly, One time, etc.) for ‘When do you want the task to start?’.

7.    Set a time to start the task and then click on ‘Next’.

8.    Click on ‘Start a program’ in Action and again click on ‘Next’.

9.    Now, click on ‘Browse..’ and navigate to ‘Disk C/Windows/System32’.

10.    Select the ‘Shutdown .exe file’ and click ‘Open’.

11.    Type ‘-s’ into the Add arguments field.

12.    Click on ‘Next’ button.

13.    At last click on ‘Finish’ to activate.

Scheduling Auto Shutdown from Powershell

1.    Enter ‘PowerShell’ into the Start Menu search box.

2.    And select ‘Windows PowerShell‘ from the results to launch PowerShell.

Or

Right click on ‘Start’ icon and choose ‘Windows PowerShell (Admin)’.

3.    Type the same command ‘shutdown-s-t Number of seconds’.

In place of Number of seconds input seconds in digit for automatic shutdown. Just like, “shutdown-s-t 1800” to shut down your computer in 30 minutes.

4.    And hit ‘Enter’.

Now, your computer will shut down automatically after the set time.

Micheal Ricky is a Microsoft Office expert and has been working in the technical industry since 2002. As a technical expert, Samuel has written technical blogs, manuals, white papers, and reviews for many websites such as office.com/setup.

Top 6 Healthcare Apps – Office.com/setup

If you are all set to complete your New Year resolution of taking care of your health or you worried that you will fail to do so as you have in the previous years, then read on. It is also possible that you are not able to frame a specific routine which keeps a deep eye on your health due to the busy schedule. Like all older and new day to day problem, technology is all set to help you. There are many smartphone applications which guide you in maintaining health issues and help you frame a proper routine.

  Before starting your gym or fitness activity install following apps on your smartphone.

  1. FITOCRACY: Fitocracy is quite similar to a video game that keeps you motivated and full of zeal to pass the day to day target, and you do it very easily just because you wish to enter the next stage. Play and earn model of this app keeps you active the whole day. It provides very effective fitness tips, daily routine suggestions, and expert guidance.
  2. Home Work: A paradise for beginners. It will guide you with some really amazing and easy workouts and exercise that work very effectively on your body. It starts with very common and easy steps and empowers your body very steadily without any extra effort. It includes animations and videos of workouts, stretching and warm-up that eases your practice and reduces the expense of gym. Water drinks reminder, walking reminder and period trackers are the additional features that make it more reliable and smart fitness app.
  3. Lifesum: Lifesum app is the best combination of workout and diet chart. Rather than forcing some hectic workout or diet plan, it suggests you very fundamentals of food choices and workout which build the fundamentals of your health. It focuses on height, weight and gender-based combination and suggests you according to your requirements. It will work on maintaining the BMI (body mass index) of your body. It also tracks your exercise and diet with some special social features.
  4. NUDGE: Nudge is another app that keeps you on track of a healthy lifestyle. Its ability to associate with other health app provides you a competitive environment where you can compare your 30 days activity with your friend and family. It will motivate you to be in the race and to improve yourself.
  5. Runtastic: Runtastic with its advanced technology like Android Wear, statistic feature, graphing model, running tracking feature and many others is way ahead of any contemporary app. It is also true that for its effective and efficient services, it costs a bit high in comparison to others. It enriches its facilities with an association of Google Fit and myFitnesPal. It coaches you in running and other cardio exercises.
  6. Homespace: If your yoga lover and want to meditate for some time or want to practice yoga and meditation, Homespace is providing you full space to do so. It guides you with different meditation tips, posture, and tools. It gives practice sessions and sends you random notification regarding relaxation and breathing.

Billy Mark is a Microsoft Office expert and has been working in the technical industry since 2002. As a technical expert, Billy has written technical blogs, manuals, white papers, and reviews for many websites such as office.com/setup.

How to Download, Sign Up and Play PUBG with your Friend

Are you ready to face-off 99 more players on a shrinking map? The last man standing in the shrinking circle is the winner of the game.

PlayerUnknown’s Battlegrounds is the game which addicts you when you play it for the first time. The game’s graphics controls are really impressive. The game is an online multiplayer player game so you can also invite and play with your friends. One more interesting feature about the PUBG is that you can talk with your squad while playing the battle. There are many more amazing features you’re going to experience in the game. If you also want to experience this amazing viral game first download it on your device.

Here is everything about downloading, sign In and playing with friends,

How to Download PUBG

The good news is that the game PUBG Mobile is free, and it can be easily downloaded from App Store. But the only concern is that your device should support it.

•    Your device should be on iOS 9.0 or later.

•    The game is compatible with iPhone 5S and later.

•    All versions of iPad Pro, iPad Air 1 and 2, and iPad Mini 2, 3 and 4 is also fit for PUBG Mobile.

•    Go to your device’s ‘App Store’.

•    Search ‘PlayerUnknown’s Battlegrounds’ and download it.

How to Sign up and Play PUBG Mobile as a Guest

Playing as a guest does not require any account connection such as Facebook or other.

1.    Start ‘PUBG Mobile’ from your device screen.

2.    Touch on ‘GUEST’.

3.    Hit ‘Accept’.

4.    Customize ‘Your Player’ as you like.

5.    Give a ‘Name’ to your player.

6.    Hit ‘Done’.

7.    And then tap ‘Create’.

That’s it! Your player is ready to play as a guest. Alternatively, you can also link your Facebook account to the game and invite and play with your Facebook friends.

How to Sign up and Play PUBG Mobile with the Facebook account

Linking PUBG Mobile with your Facebook account means allowing the game to access your Facebook profile’s information. Your player’s name displays your Facebook name.

1.    Start ‘PUBG Mobile’ from your device screen.

2.    Touch on ‘FACEBOOK’.

3.    Tap on ‘Log in with the Facebook app’ or enter your Facebook account’s login details.

4.    Follow the instructions and permit the game to access your account.

To Add Friends to your PUBG Mobile game

1.    Start ‘PUBG Mobile’ from your device screen.

2.    Tap on the ‘Friends’ tab at the lower left corner of the screen.

3.    Now, tap on ‘Add Friends’ button.

4.    Type the ‘Player’s name’ of the friend you want to add.

5.    And hit ‘Search’.

6.    Tap on the ‘Person’ to add. You can also communicate with the person, just type your message and hit ‘Send’.

Friend request will be sent to the person. Once your friend request is accepted you both can play together.

To Accept a Friend request in PUBG

1.    Start ‘PUBG Mobile’ from your device screen.

2.    Tap on the ‘Friends’ tab at the lower left corner of the screen.

3.    Now, tap on ‘Request’.

4.    Then tap on ‘Accept’.

To send a message to a Friend in PUBG

1.    Start ‘PUBG Mobile’ from your device screen.

2.    Tap on the ‘Friend list’ from the bottom of the screen.

3.    Select a ‘Friend’ to send the message.

4.    Type your message.

5.    Hit ‘Send’.

To play with Friends in PUBG

If you want to play a Duo or Squad game with your friend, then you need to invite them to the lobby.

Here is how to invite and play the game with friends.

1.    Start ‘PUBG Mobile’ from your device screen.

2.    Tap on the ‘Friend list’ from the bottom of the screen.

3.    Now, tap the ‘+’ button of the Friend’s Player name to invite and play with them. All done, now play PUBG Mobile game with your friend. Don’t forget to use PUBG’s voice chat feature to plan your attacks.

Ricky johnson is a Microsoft Office expert and has been working in the technical industry since 2002. As a technical expert, Samuel has written technical blogs, manuals, white papers, and reviews for many websites such as office.com/setup.

Office.com/setup | Microsoft Office Tutorial

When working in an office environment you can be sure they are using office software such as word processors and spreadsheets. Any office tutorial should cover Microsoft Office as this is the world’s most popular office software and many companies worldwide use it.
The key Microsoft office components are Word, Excel, Outlook, and PowerPoint. Other components you may consider learning are Access and OneNote. All have considerable advantages and are useful to any business.

Microsoft Word is a word processor that can be used for creating documents and letters. Microsoft Excel is a spreadsheet application used for manipulating numerical data and also financial analysis. Microsoft Outlook can be used for email as well as storing contacts, creating appointments and tasks. MS PowerPoint is used for presenting ideas to an audience by use of a slideshow. Microsoft Access is a database used for storing and retrieving large amounts of information. This package can be difficult for some to get to grips with. Finally, we have Microsoft OneNote which is best thought of as an electronic binder used for recording anything by way of text, photos, sound, and video.

Obviously, it is not necessary to learn each and every package. Choose the ones most suitable for you. The bigger the skill set the better the chances of landing that dream job. Look at what an office tutorial can do to help you understand Microsoft Office. It could be that you are working in an accounting environment and Excel is your learning application of choice. It is worth having some word processing skills as we all need to type a document from time to time. Learning Microsoft Word is suitable here.

Any Microsoft office tutorial should cover the essential ingredients you need to do your job. The information world changes rapidly and having the right skills will go a long way in helping you to stand out from the crowd.

Shahid Zargar a Microsoft Office expert has been working in the technology industry from last 5 year. As a technical expert, he has written technical blogs, manuals, white papers, and reviews for many websites such as office.com/setup

How to get free Office Setup Subscription with New Laptops?

You might have noticed, Many laptops come with pre-installed software’s like antiviruses and tools. You might not have noticed but many of the laptops and computers come with free Microsoft Office Suite.

Does not matter what version of Microsoft Office is free with the laptop or the device but it is almost free. Depending on the fact that you need to buy a laptop and do some research before buying the laptop. Simple as that.

So we went out in the market and found some amazing laptops with great configurations and free Windows 10 and Microsoft Office Pre-installed.

Some laptop brands were even exclusively selling there laptops with Office pre installed on it.

Office-setup on www.office.com/setup - LAptops

After we did some research on this laptop market we even found HP, Dell and other major competitors were also selling laptops with Office pre-installed on it.

But on a deeper survey we found that many retailers were selling cracked Microsoft Office on the Free Dos version of Laptops and they had already added the price of the Office subscription on MRP.

To be sure on how to find a laptop that is totally authentic and has a legit Office subscription you must check for the logo of original Microsoft Office Product on the front or the back side of the laptop.

To verify your Office Subscription you can simply visit www.office.com/setup and verify your Subscription by logging in to your Office Account.

How to Fix Error Volsnap.Sys BSOD Failed on Windows 10? – Office.com/setup

The Volsnap.sys refers to a Windows operating system which is directly related to the Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS). This VSS file is very popular for causing a Blue Screen error. However, there are various causes of this error, but one of the main causes of this error includes conflicts such as Hard disk or some RAM issues, corrupt drivers or malware infections, incompatible firmware, and many more. Nevertheless, troubleshooting this BSOD error Volsnap.sys Failed is much easier and simple than some other errors.

Therefore, to keep it in our mind we provide you with a few simple steps by which you can be able to fix this issue. But before going through the process just make sure that you have created a system restore point or also suggest you follow the given steps in a proper sequence to avoid trouble and prevent yourself from any damages or error. The steps are discussed below.

Steps to Fix BSOD Error Volsnap.sys Failed on Windows 10

Below we mentioned the most effective fixes that will help you in troubleshooting the BSOD errors associated with the Volsnap.sys or Volume Shadow Copy Driver on Windows 10 Computers. Following fixes are as follows:

Method-1: Restore your Computer System

To start restoring the system, you need to follow few simple steps. Here how to do it:

  1. Click on the Windows ‘Start’ icon to open the Start menu.
  2. Now, a search box appears on your screen, type in “System Restore” and then click on the ‘Enter’ tab.
  3. Inside the ‘Search’ results, search and Hit on the ‘System Restore’ option to open it.
  4. If asked, provide the ‘Password ‘of the Administrative.
  5. After that, follow the on-screen steps to select the System Restore point easily.
  6. Finally, restore your computer system to that backup image.

Once finished, check that the Volsnap. Sys error fixed or not, if method one didn’t work, try the next method.

Method-2: Run System File Checker

The SFC is a efficacy file that is integrated with every Windows version which lets users restore and scan corrupted or damaged system files easily. By using this System Restore Checker tool, you can be able to fix this Volsnap. Sys files. Here how to do it:

  1. Press the ‘Start’ button located on your Desktop screen to open the Start menu.
  2. A search box will emerge on your screen, type in ‘cmd’ but do not click on the Enter key yet.
  3. Then, hit and hold the ‘Ctrl-Shift keys together on your keyboard while clicking on the Enter tab.
  4. Now, a permission dialogue box will pop-up on your screen, asking you for your permission, click on Yes tab.
  5. Now, you will see a black colour screen with flashing cursor will display on your screen.
  6. Under the black colour screen box, type “sfc/scannow” and press the Enter key.
  7. Now, System Restore Checker will start scanning for the Volsnap. Sys glitches and also further PC file related issues.
  8. Follow the on-screen instructions for completing the process.

Steve Rogers is a Microsoft Office expert and has been working in the technical industry since 2002. As a technical expert, Steve Rogers has written technical blogs, manuals, white papers, and reviews for many websites such as office.com/setup.

Guide to Creating Page Borders in Microsoft Word 2016

Microsoft Word has the feature that can make the page borders. You can try the border of having a single line, many lines, and picture borders. For imparting the settings for page borders, you can choose the tab of “Design” of the ribbon. After that, you can select the option of “Page Borders” from the section of Page Background of the menu bar.

Here below are the instructions for creating the page borders in the file of Microsoft Word:

1. Employ the predefined lines in the form of Page Border

You can try the page border with a single line or multiple lines with a variety of line effects on your file. These borders with lines can offer the professional look on your files. For employing preset lines for Page Border, follow the given steps:

•    Press “Box” within the section of “Settings”, in case you have not already chosen it.

•    Choose the option of “Line Style” within the section of “Style” at the mid of display. You can head the list for looking at the variety of line style effects.

•    Choose the “Line Color” within the pull-down menu of “Color”.

•    Similarly, you can choose “Line Width” under the menu bar of “Width”.

•    Within the section of “Preview”, you can choose the multiple positions for bordering the page. You can also press the border located on the image of “Preview” for toggling it on or off. You can realize the appearance of the page of Word file.

•    You can employ the option of “Apply To” in the pull-down menu bar for choosing the pages that you desire the page borders to look like. In the list of a variety of different effects on the page borders, it depends on the composition of the page that which one will be imparted. You can pick out the options among Whole document, This section, First Page only etc.

•    When you have built your selections then press OK for imparting the line border on your Word file.

2. Employ clip art as in the form of Page Borders

The Microsoft Word has inbuilt clip art to utilize it in page border. Besides the funny, exciting pictures, there is a multitude of options like push pins, art deco styles etc. For employing these, you have to launch the dialogue box of “Border and Shading”. After that, press button of “Box” within the section of “Settings” when not chosen. It will impart the page border to the whole documents. In case you desire to impart the page border for particular positions, for instances top or bottom of the documents, then you can press “Custom”. Thereafter, Art border can be added by following steps:

•    Choose the option of “Art” in the pull-down menu bar within the section of “Style” located at the mid of the display. You can go to the list for viewing the variety of multiple art styles.

•    You can choose the art style as per your choice.

•    For altering the chosen B/W art border into a solid colour, you can choose the section of “Color” pull-down menu bar.

•    You can choose the width under the section of “Width” pull-down menu bar.

•    You can employ the section of “Preview” for adjusting the position of page border. You can tap the page border on the picture of “Preview” for toggling it off or on mode.

•    You can employ the menu bar of “Apply To” for choosing that page on which you desire to impart the page border.

•    Press the option of “OK” for imparting the art border in your file.

3. Modification of the Page Border margins

For creating the page border with your preferences, you can modify the page by adjusting the page border along with the page margins. For doing this, you can make the page border with the given steps:

•    Press the button of “Options” placed on the bottom of page borders and Shading dialogue box.

•    Press the field of the page margin and insert the size of new page margin. You can press the button of arrows placed at the right side of each page margin field.

•    You can employ the measurement scale from the pull-down menu bar to click “Select” option in case you desire the page margin from the corner of the page or the text written on this.

•    In case you desire, you can decline to choose the option of “Always Display in Front” for having the border looks behind the co-occurred text. In case you accept to choose then the page border will be shown in front of the co-occurred text.

•    Press the option of “OK” for returning to the dialogue box of “Borders and Shading”. •    Press the option of “OK” to add the page border on your files.

Sara is a Microsoft Office expert and her been working in the technical industry since 2002. As a technical expert, Sara has written technical blogs, manuals, white papers, and reviews for many websites such as office.com/setup.

Top 3 Smart Home Items Seen At CES 2019 – Office Setup

It has been observed that the Consumer Electronic Association 2019 was full of smart home items.

 In this blog, we will talk about some of the leading smart home items that have been seen at CES this year.

  1. Voice Assistant-smart switches

It is worth noting that many items that were seen on the CES were in actual not completely new, but rather plenty of firms came up with their model from the young product section, and that consists intelligent switches containing in-built digital assistant.

It has been some time with the introduction of Ecobee Switch+, but at CES 2019, people observed some firms launching their own models.

It consisted of-

  • Leviton’s Decora Voice with Alexa
  • TP-Link’s Kasa Smart Wi-Fi Light Switch having Voice Assistant

However, in the last one, no announcements have been made regarding which digital assistant it shall be paired with.

  • Lenovo Smart Clock

All over, people just love Google’s Home Hub which is even considered as one of the most amazing item for 2018, but frankly it’s a bit big for keeping it bedside while sleeping. So here comes the’ Lenovo Smart Clock’.

This clock is a precisely small model than the Home Hub, flashing 4″ display rather than 7″. It can let you know not only the time but also about the events which are about to come with the help of a calendar. People can easily put alarms, timers and switch off the alarms. It will be available soon.  Most probably at the time of spring.

  • Video Doorbells

‘Video doorbell’ is among the most popular items of the last year. Nest and Ring really deserve praise for the work done by them for the models made by them. But after CES, people got lot many options of selecting from plenty of items.

  • Maximus launched a video doorbell having amazing dual cameras (completely new for the audience)-The major camera parts are pointed outside like any simple video bell, but the other camera point is situated at the door’s steps so that it can take the picture of the item put near the door.
  • TP-Link made an announcement regarding a video doorbell.

And also Ring has made a very good effort which is known as the Door View Cam. It is a digital peephole that’s meant to replace the present peephole on the doors.

Joe Martin is a Microsoft Office expert and has been working in the technical industry since 2002. As a technical expert, Joe has written technical blogs, manuals, white papers, and reviews for many websites such as office.com/setup.

Guide to Using Outlook 2013 and 2016 Ribbon

In the previous versions of Outlook, there was the pull-down menu. But Outlook version 2013 brought the navigation ribbon which substituted the old pull-down menus. But when you start to use the Outlook version 2013 & 2016, the functionality of ribbon is similar. The ribbon is altered and adapted on the basis of usage of Outlook. When you move from the e-Mail view to Calendar view in Outlook then content enveloped in the ribbon is also varied. It will also vary the other things in Outlook like Contacts, Tasks, and Notes etc.

Additionally, specific concealed ribbons will be displayed if you are performing particular tasks. For instances, when you are running e-mail attachments, then a ribbon of attachment will be shown. And, after downloading the attachments and switching to another e-mail, this ribbon vanishes.

Operating Home Ribbon

Once you launch Outlook version of 2013 or 2016, then it opens Home screen by default. It is that page where you can deliver and get the e-mails and where most of the things in Outlook happens. Home Ribbon is placed on top of the navigation panel. Here below, some of the basic commands are mentioned:

1. New

You can employ the “New” button to make a new message in the e-mail. By using the option of New Items, you can make appointments, tasks. You can press the option of the downward arrow in the bottom right side of the button for expanding the menu bar and create the selection as per your choice.

2. Delete

You can delete an email by pressing the big X option placed in this section. You can manage the received e-mails by using the Buttons of Ignore, Cleanup and many more.

3. Respond

Buttons placed in this section manage your response to messages like Reply, Reply All and Forward.

4. Quick Steps

When you want to “Move, Reply, and Delete” messages into a folder then you can access it easily by using this section. There are many quick commands like To Manager, Done, Create New, Move to, Team E-mail etc. You can get the additional commands by pressing the downward arrow placed at the right side of this section for expanding the menu.

5. Move

This section offers you the buttons to make Rules, to avail OneNote, to Move.

6. Tag

When you desire to point messages as Read or Unread, categorize the message, and follow-up the messages by adding a flag, then this section helps a lot in doing this.

7. Find

This section comprises the commands like finding a contact, availing the Address Book, filtering e-mails.

Moreover, there are various other tabs besides the Home tab. There are specific commands attached to the name of the tab. In Outlook version of both 2013 and 2016, there are four other tabs mentioned besides Home tab namely:

• File: In this section, you can alter the Options to Outlook, printing messages, calendars and more.

• Send or Receive: Here in this section, you can deliver the email messages and receive the same. You can find the commands here in this ribbon to organize the Downloads and email server.

• Folder: Here, you can maintain the email folders and ribbon properties. • View: Here, you can alter the layout of Outlook for To-do page and People page by using the commands placed on this ribbon.

Nick Hollins is a Microsoft Office expert and has been working in the technology industry since 2002. As a technical expert, Emma has written technical blogs, manuals, white papers, and reviews for many websites such as office.com/setup.

Office.com/setup – How did Instant Messaging Evolve

Over a period of time, people have been coming closer day by day globally. It couldn’t happen within a fraction of seconds. It took several decades to step ahead with the mobile penetration and easy outreach of internet connectivity. In this age of globalization, people come and communicate with each other. They now can share their ideas and journey with someone sitting in the far distant country. In this way, IM (Instant messaging) played a vital role to bring people on a single platform.  

IM has been in an evolutionary phase for a long period. It became advanced with the phased manner. Now you can send messages publicly or privately and from ICQ to AIM or from Google Chat to FB Chat. And, the interesting thing is that time taken to deliver the message is not in terms of days or months, but it is an instantaneous process.

Evolution of Instant Messaging

The concept of IM is not new, it dates back to the time of the 1960s, but it became common in early 1990s. In 1961, Multi-user OS (Operating System) like CTSS (Compatible Time-Sharing System) was built that permitted a maximum 30 users to sign in and personalize the messages with each other. In the 1970s, programmers started to operate protocol on peer-to-peer that set up smooth communication with the users of the single system.

During the age of 1970s and 80s, three instant messaging apps emerged that can be considered as the foundation of present-day IM. First one was the peer-to-peer protocol system only. In the time of 1983, Mark Jenks created a system named as Talk for permitting high school students of Washington High School to send the messages to other users along with accessing the first generation digital bulletin board system. Within a short span of time, users in this system emerged unexpectedly throughout the country.

At the time of 1982, 8-bit computer revolutionized the computer world and became the turning point to the instant messaging things. With the help of PETSCII text system, users could deliver the texts with one another in online mode through a modem or Quantum Link service. In 1988, Internet Relay Chat (IRC) opened multi-user groups called channels in which users can send the messages and transfer the files via the mechanism of data transfer. This IRC became vital for sharing the news in the times of the Gulf War.

Emergence of Market for Instant Messaging

In the age of 1990s, American Online (formerly Quantum Link) assisted the instant messaging feature to grow rapidly. In this race, ICQ became the first one, in 1996, to be launched in the market as a text-based messenger. In 1997, AIM (AOL-IM) started its debut and jumped into the industry of instant messaging. In 1998, Yahoo! released Yahoo! Messenger app then Microsoft launched MSN in 1999a and many more. All this led to attracting the tech-savvy.

Till 2000, IM (instant messaging clients) users had to work on multiple instant messaging apps for accessing friends and family in different networking connections. But, Jabber changed the system as it combined the IMs by serving as a single platform to access many IM featured tools at a time. This system was called as multi-protocol IM. Now in this system, you can talk with friends on Yahoo!, AOL-IM, or simultaneously. In the background of rising social media networking sites like Facebook or Twitter, IM has been evolved strongly. This rise also causes the shifting of usage from computer to mobile devices. FB brought its own Facebook Messenger, not allowing the third party to access instant messaging service. In this direction, web-based technology exclusively on computers advanced further. Nowadays, instant messengers have been with new shapes of communications like VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol), phone calls using internet etc.

David Smith is a Microsoft Office expert and has been working in the technology industry since 2002. As a technical expert, David Smith has written technical blogs, manuals, white papers, and reviews for many websites such as office.com/setup.